Topics:

A. Energy Forms & Conversion
B. Light
C. Electricity
D. Using Electricity
E. Photosynthesis & respiration

A. Energy Forms & Conversion
1 - Roofus' solar and efficient homeURL: http://www1.eere.energy.gov/kids/roofus/
Teacher's Description: An interactive activity looking at energy efficiency in the home. Discusses the sun according to the northern hemisphere.

2 - Types of energy transfers
URL: http://www.s-cool.co.uk/gcse/physics/energy-transfers/revise-it/types-of-energy-transfers
Teacher's Description: An animated and interactive page on types of energy and energy transfers.

3 - How rollercoasters work
URL: http://science.howstuffworks.com/engineering/structural/roller-coaster3.htm
Teacher's Description: Video clip of a trip on a rollercoaster. guide pupils to section 4 afterwards

4 - Energy resources
URL: http://www.darvill.clara.net/altenerg/index.htm
Teacher's Description: A page on energy resources, with downloadable worksheets for pupils to completel.

5 - Is your home a green house?
URL: http://www.nationalgeographic.com/everyday/greenhouse/index.html
Teacher's Description: An animated interactive activity to assess the green credentials of your home.

6 - Power up!
URL: http://www.kineticcity.com/controlcar/activity.php?virus=enervia&act=4
Teacher's Description: A game where pupils have to power a city with the minimum environmental impact and for the lowest cost?

7 - Sources of heat
URL: http://resources.yesican-science.ca/lpdd/g07/lp/nelson/nel13.html
Teacher's Description: How can energy be released as heat.

8 - Energy resources homework - extra tasks
URL: http://www.ailwyn.schoolzone.co.uk/science%20website%20internet/extra7i.htm
Teacher's Description: 3 homework tasks on energy resources.

9 - Energy resources homework tasks
URL: http://www.ailwyn.schoolzone.co.uk/science%20website%20internet/hwk7i.pdf
Teacher's Description: 2 homework tasks on energy resources

10 - Energy facts - sources of energy
URL: http://www.eia.gov/kids/energy.cfm?page=2
Teacher's Description: Links to pages of information about different energy sources, renewable and non-renewable.

11 - Exploring alternative energy sources
URL: http://www.pbs.org/newshour/extra/teachers/lessonplans/science/alternative_energy.html
Teacher's Description: A lesson plan on exploring alternative energy sources

12 - Future power
URL: http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/ngm/0508/feature1/fulltext.html
Teacher's Description: An analysis of the future of energy resourcing.

13 - Energy & work
URL: http://www.gcse.com/energy/work.htm
Teacher's Description: A short page on work.

14 - Non Renewable Energy Resources
URL: http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/ks3bitesize/science/energy_electricity_forces/energy_transfer_storage/revise6.shtml
Teacher's Description: Short clear summary of non renewable energy resources, could instruct students to explore pages 5 to 7

15 - World energy facts
URL: http://www.ecokids.ca/pub/eco_info/topics/energy/world/play_worldenergy.cfm
Teacher's Description: Nice interactive globe to show some interesting facts about energy from around the world

16 - Energy makes things happen
URL: http://www.ftexploring.com/energy/energy-1.htm
Teacher's Description: Lots of information about energy types and changes. Some misrepresentation of photosynthesis (which does not produce free glucose). Very occasional spelling errors (notably �phosporous�).

17 - Energy chest
URL: http://www.energychest.net/
Teacher's Description: An interactive site with information on energy in the home, in the environment and energy sources.

18 - The energy story
URL: http://www.energyquest.ca.gov/story/index.html
Teacher's Description: 22 pages on every aspect of energy. What it is, where we get it from to how we use it.

19 - Japan railway harvests passenger energy for fun and profit
URL: http://www.engadget.com/2006/08/01/japan-railway-harvests-passenger-energy-for-fun-and-profit/
Teacher's Description:Is this the way of sourcing energy in the future? Ask pupils for other interesting ways we might harvest energy. Back to top

B. Light
1 - The light stuffURL: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/physics/speed-light.html
Teacher's Description: Pupils can find out how fast light travels in different materials, the basis of refraction. Click on

2 - Refraction
URL: http://lgfl.skoool.co.uk/viewdetails_ks3.aspx?id=507
Teacher's Description: Short animated slideshow about refraction with self test.

3 - See the light
URL: http://www.amnh.org/ology/einstein#features/stufftodo_einstein/seelight.php?TB_iframe=true&height=500&width=740
Teacher's Description: Try some fun activities with every day objects to investigate reflection, refraction and the colour of light

4 - Hilarious mirror prank
URL: http://www.metacafe.com/watch/876063/hilarious_mirror_prank/
Teacher's Description: A video of a hilarious mirror prank. It is in German but it is still worth watching.

5 - Laser beam
URL: http://scienceworld.ca/flash_games/lever.html
Teacher's Description: Can you lift a 200kg hippopotamus, or generate enough electricity to illuminate a light bulb with the power of wind? These five Eureka! Games are based on real exhibits at TELUS World of Science. Click the arrow to get to the laser game

6 - Corner Reflector
URL: http://www.exploratorium.edu/snacks/corner_reflector/index.html
Teacher's Description: When you look in a mirror you see a laterally inverted image. This construction allows you to see yourself as others actually see you.

7 - How we see things
URL: http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/scienceclips/ages/10_11/see_things.shtml
Teacher's Description: Activity to show how light can be relfected with a self test.

8 - Up periscope!
URL: http://www.exploratorium.edu/science_explorer/periscope.html
Teacher's Description: Make your own periscope.

9 - Prism
URL: http://www.freezeray.com/flashFiles/prism.htm
Teacher's Description: An interactive prism with filters

10 - Reflection
URL: http://www.freezeray.com/flashFiles/Reflection1.htm
Teacher's Description: An interactive experiment on reflection.

11 - Refraction
URL: http://www.freezeray.com/flashFiles/Refraction2.htm
Teacher's Description: An interactive experiment on refraction. Needs interpretative guidance (effects of different materials on refraction of light).

12 - Fun house mirrors
URL: http://www.learner.org/teacherslab/science/light/lawslight/funhouse/index.html
Teacher's Description: A site that allows you to find out about how curved mirrors are used to produce the amusing images in the Hall of Mirrors.

13 - Splitting white light
URL: http://www.lightwave.soton.ac.uk/experiments/lightsplitting/lightsplitting.html
Teacher's Description: 3 experiments splitting white light back into its componant colours using bubbles, water and a CD. Click on the

14 - Scientists and discovery: Colours
URL: http://museumvictoria.com.au/scidiscovery/light/colours.asp
Teacher's Description: An explanation of how light gets its colour. Suitable as extension work for the more able pupils.

15 - Leonardo right to left
URL: http://www.mos.org/sln/Leonardo/LeonardoRighttoLeft.html
Teacher's Description: Leonardo Da Vinci and his mirror writing, nice classroom activity to try.

16 - What is a laser?
URL: http://spaceplace.nasa.gov/en/kids/laser/
Teacher's Description: An animated interactive page explaining how lasers work.

17 - Rainbows
URL: http://www.atoptics.co.uk/bows.htm
Teacher's Description: A series of pages devoted to rainbows.

18 - Is black a colour? Is white a colour?
URL: http://www.colormatters.com/vis_bk_white.html
Teacher's Description: A page discussing the issue of whether black and white are defined as colours. Pupils might need a bit of guidance in understanding the different primary colour systems.

19 - Properties of light
URL: http://www.studyphysics.ca/newnotes/20/unit03_mechanicalwaves/chp141516_waves/lesson52.htm
Teacher's Description:Lesson/information page on the history, speed and wavelength of light. Back to top

C. Electricity
1 - A very simple circuitURL: http://www.allaboutcircuits.com/vol_6/chpt_2/3.html
Teacher's Description: A practical introduction to simple circuits.

2 - Ohm zone
URL: http://www.article19.com/shockwave/oz.htm
Teacher's Description: Electrical circuit simulation activity where pupils can build their own circuits. Format a bit off putting and requires persistence.

3 - Electricity: simple circuits
URL: http://www.can-do.com/uci/lessons99/electricity.html
Teacher's Description: Teachers page of some experiment ideas

4 - A Simple and Cheap Dark-Detecting LED Circuit
URL: http://www.evilmadscientist.com/article.php/nightlight
Teacher's Description: A simple electrical project to make a night light for your room.

5 - Make your own burglar alarm
URL: http://www.reachoutmichigan.org/funexperiments/agesubject/lessons/burglar.html
Teacher's Description: Instructions on how to make your own burglar alarm.

6 - Silicon spies
URL: http://www.engineeringinteract.org/resources/siliconspies/siliconspieslink.htm
Teacher's Description: A lengthy game with lots of learning. Covers various aspects of electricity.

7 - Red and green electricity
URL: http://amasci.com/redgreen.html
Teacher's Description: Some ideas on how to teach electrical concepts.

8 - How do you explain electrical resistance?
URL: http://education.jlab.org/qa/current_02.html
Teacher's Description: Some ideas on how to explain electrical resistance. More suitable for upper secondary, but it's here for teachers' reference

9 - The lemon battery challenge
URL: http://www.eweek.org/site/DiscoverE/activities/lemon.shtml
Teacher's Description: A practical activity to make a lemon battery and then to measure the voltage across it and thus determine how many would be needed to power a car.

10 - Causal patterns in simple circuits
URL: http://www.pz.harvard.edu/ucp/curriculum/circuits/
Teacher's Description: A teacher resource website aiming to enable deeper understanding of electricity.Requires Acrobat Reader

11 - Build your own game.
URL: http://www.instructables.com/id/Your-own-Operation-Board-Game/
Teacher's Description: Instructions to use conductors and insulators to build your own steady hand game. Also links to other steady hand games on left hand side.

12 - Insulators and conductors
URL: http://regentsprep.org/Regents/physics/phys03/ainsvscon/default.htm
Teacher's Description: An animated page on insulators and conductors relating to static electricity.

13 - Electricity: conductors and insulators
URL: http://www.quia.com/cm/25645.html?AP_rand=997835367
Teacher's Description: A game linking materials to their ability to conduct or insulate.

14 - Conductors and insulators
URL: http://www.thetech.org/exhibits/online/topics/13a_flash.html
Teacher's Description: A series of animated, interactive slides about conduction and insulation.

15 - Electricity timeline
URL: http://resources.schoolscience.co.uk/BritishEnergy/14-16/index.htm
Teacher's Description: Electricity timeline - The main discoveries in electricity.

16 - Lightning - the shocking story
URL: http://www.nationalgeographic.com/features/96/lightning/
Teacher's Description: An interactive activity all about lightning.

17 - Revision test: Circuits
URL: http://www.bbc.co.uk/apps/ifl/schools/gigaquiz?path=ks3bitesize/elecmag2tb&infile=elecmag2tb
Teacher's Description: 2 questions about switches and circuits.

18 - Virtual power plant tour
URL: http://www.srpnet.com/education/tour/
Teacher's Description: Interactive power plant tour from SRP in the US, teaching how electricity is generated from a variety of sources using video and games.

19 - Riddle of 'Baghdad's batteries'
URL: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/2804257.stm
Teacher's Description: A newspaper article about what could be the first ever batteries.

20 - Conductors and insulators
URL: http://www.ndt-ed.org/EducationResources/HighSchool/Electricity/conductorsinsulators.htm
Teacher's Description: A page about conductors and insulators with a useful animated diagram.

21 - Ecotricity.
URL: http://www.ecotricity.co.uk/
Teacher's Description:Ecotricity, claims to be the worlds first green energy company, a 100% renewable energy supplier, has a great time lapse film of building a wind turbine and other links to projects around the world. Back to top

D. Using Electricity
1 - Fuses and circuit breakersURL: http://lgfl.skoool.co.uk/viewdetails_ks3.aspx?id=496
Teacher's Description: An animated slideshow about fuses and circuit breakers.

2 - Tips on electrical safety
URL: http://www.ema.gov.sg/attachments/download/20071022184704_1260_leaflet_electricity_safety.pdf
Teacher's Description: A Singapore government leaflet on electrical safety.

3 - Electrical safety: Some simple precautions
URL: http://atschool.eduweb.co.uk/trinity/projects/fusetest/do_donot.html
Teacher's Description: A page of advice on electrical safety with links to 2 exercises. You may also find the sections on The Fuse and The Problem useful.

4 - Welcome to electricity.
URL: http://www.thetech.org/exhibits/online/topics/10a.html
Teacher's Description: Great electricity site with sections on different topics including 'conductors, insulators and safety'. Links to well produced flash explanations and activities.

5 - Electricity bills.
URL: http://www.echalk.co.uk/Science/Physics/electricityBills/electricityBills.html
Teacher's Description: Echalk is a subscription service, but you can access this great site for calculating costs of running different electrical appliances. Currency ($E) can be set, as can price per unit.

6 - Electricity and magnetism.
URL: http://ippex.pppl.gov/interactive/electricity/intro.html
Teacher's Description: Shockwave presentation, that is mostly text, but has good animations and shock activities along the way. Good explanation of the science.

7 - Electrical safety world.
URL: http://www.cleco.com/esw_root/index.html
Teacher's Description: A surprisingly fantastic Flash site. Games are informative and well written. Clear advice about electrical safety through out. Make sure you enable pop ups from the site to access the resources.

8 - The energy gallery.
URL: http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/exhibitions/energy/site/EIZgames.asp
Teacher's Description: 7 great sites from the science museum. 4 games that have high educational merit, a strange but true and a world resources link. Excellent site.

9 - Energy and resources
URL: http://earthtrends.wri.org/text/energy-resources/country-profile-160.html
Teacher's Description:Energy consumption graphs for Singapore for 1971 - 1999. May be useful to look at recent trends. Highly appropriate, not very accessibly presented.

10 - Historical beginnings of theories of electricity and magnetism
URL: http://galileoandeinstein.physics.virginia.edu/more_stuff/E&M_Hist.html
Teacher's Description: A page of detailed information on the historical beginnings of theories of electricity and magnetism.Interesting early history of electricity & magnetism; however, unnecessary anti-religious bias, and it stops at Faraday with

11 - Tips on electrical safety
URL: http://www.ema.gov.sg/attachments/download/20071022184729_5425_poster_electricity_safety.pdf
Teacher's Description: A Singapore government poster on electrical safety.

12 - How circuit breakers work
URL: http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/circuit-breaker.htm
Teacher's Description: 4 pages explaining how circuit breakers work.

13 - Fuses and breakers
URL: http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/electric/bregnd.html
Teacher's Description: A page of information on fuses, circuit breakers and earth / ground wires.

14 - Electrcical safety: What to check for
URL: http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/HomeAndCommunity/InYourHome/FireSafety/DG_071712
Teacher's Description: A page of advice on electrical safety. You may also find the 'Plugs and Cables' link useful

15 - Fuses
URL: http://auto.howstuffworks.com/wfc2.htm
Teacher's Description: A page explaining how fuses in cars work.

16 - How fuses work
URL: http://www.practicalphysics.org/go/Experiment_278.html;jsessionid=alZLdQlAHb1
Teacher's Description: A explanation of a demonstration showing how fuses work. This could also be done as a class experiment.

17 - How to reset a fuse in a circuit breaker unit
URL: http://www.videojug.com/film/how-to-reset-a-fuse-in-a-circuit-breaker-unit
Teacher's Description: A video explaining how to reset a fuse in a circuit breaker unit.

18 - Energy quest.
URL: http://www.energyquest.ca.gov/
Teacher's Description: A collection of electricity facts, movies, quizzes and stories. Uses a flash menu screen that is highly interactive, but not obvious where the sections will take you.

19 - Lemon battery film.
URL: http://www.teachersdomain.org/resource/phy03.sci.phys.mfw.zlemon/
Teacher's Description: 5 minute quick time clip of 2 student presenters creating and playing with a lemon battery and a clock. Explanations in the middle in terms of electron flow.

20 - Tips on energy saving
URL: http://services.spservices.sg/cs_eec_tips.asp?ID=&identity=
Teacher's Description: An interactive page from a website mentioned in the syllabus on saving energy.Useful energy saving tips, presented attractively. Info on types of light bulb confusing.

21 - Electricity
URL: http://www.explainthatstuff.com/electricity.html
Teacher's Description:An introduction to electricity with a timeline further down the page. Back to top

E. Photosynthesis & respiration
1 - RespirationURL: http://lgfl.skoool.co.uk/content/keystage3/biology/pc/learningsteps/RPRLC/launch.html
Teacher's Description: The main focus of the slide show is on word equations of Aerobic Respiration - well animated with Narrative description - requires flash and sound

2 - Photosynthesis
URL: http://www.s-cool.co.uk/gcse/biology/photosynthesis/revise-it/photosynthesis
Teacher's Description: Clear summary covering the structure of the leaf, photosynthesis, limiting factors, stomata (excellent animation) and transpiration. Quite detailed in places, but good students will be able to access exam questions and test. Exam questions (section 3) is a good revision activity.

3 - Are chlorophyll and light are needed for photosynthesis?
URL: http://lgfl.skoool.co.uk/content/keystage3/biology/pc/learningsteps/CLSLC/launch.html
Teacher's Description: Flash animation is clear and test is straight forward. Good summary. Resource on the importance of water and heat is also available

4 - The Respiratory System
URL: http://lgfl.skoool.co.uk/content/keystage3/biology/pc/learningsteps/TRSLC/launch.html
Teacher's Description:Learn the structure and function of the respiratory system. Short basic slideshow with audio and a self test. Requires Flash to play.

5 - Animated breathing and respiration
URL: http://www.brainpop.com/health/respiratorysystem/respiration/
Teacher's Description: A page with well produced Falsh movie, links to other parts of the site requie login and this requires registration.

6 - Respiratory System Word Follow Game
URL: https://www.lung.ca/children/games/follow/follow7_12.html
Teacher's Description: Find the words that follow from the previous. Easy and fun.Minor error:

7 - Things to make and do with plants.
URL: http://www-saps.plantsci.cam.ac.uk/primdt.htm
Teacher's Description: A list of 13 great ideas to make or do with plants. For students who want to get involved in growing, planting or making complost, this is a great place to start. It could encourage development of ideas or activities that could be useful for Science Clubs as well as regular classroom teaching.

8 - Lungs & respiratory system game.
URL: http://sciencereviewgames.com/srg/subjects/games.php?id=137
Teacher's Description: Students choose to answer the same questions in a football penalty shootout, basketball hoop shoot, or deal or no deal set up. All questions are about structure and function. Good fun and students can modify their goal keeper to a variety of famous players and celebrities.

9 - Plants millionaire
URL: http://www.primaryresources.co.uk/science/powerpoint/plants_WWtbaM.ppt
Teacher's Description: Slideshow version of Who Wants to be a Millionaire covering the requirements for photosynthesis. Requires Java plug-in

10 - Photosynthesis - how plants make food.
URL: http://lgfl.skoool.co.uk/content/keystage3/biology/pc/learningsteps/PHOLC/launch.html
Teacher's Description: Learn that plants make food by photosynthesis and the word equation that represents it. Short basic slideshow with commentary and a self test. Has a audio narrative and requires Flash.Reference to glucose is a misleading simplification

11 - Why is photosynthesis important?
URL: http://photoscience.la.asu.edu/photosyn/study.html
Teacher's Description: Lots of background material on photosynthesis, could be used for a homework activity. Rather fairly text heavy with few images, needs some research focus and student guidance.

12 - How the body uses Oxygen.
URL: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/everest/exposure/body.html
Teacher's Description: Respiration in an Accent of Everest Context. Diagrams and text of the respiratory system. Some overlap with the cardiovascular system.

13 - Human Respiratory System - Diagram
URL: https://www.lung.ca/children/grades7_12/respiratory/respiratory_system.html
Teacher's Description: Clear well drawn and colourful diagram of the human respiratory system. Fully labeled with terms defined below.

14 - Plant Growth Game
URL: http://cibt.bio.cornell.edu/labs/dl/PLAG.PDF
Teacher's Description: Instructions and pieces for a Plant Growth Game. Groups of students create a plant by increasing roots and leaves to maximise flower production. Takes about 45 minutes.

15 - Photosynthesis game
URL: http://earthguide.ucsd.edu/earthguide/diagrams/photosynthesis/
Teacher's Description: Tricky game, you may need to 'see how photosynthesis works' first.

16 - SAPS floating leaf disc photosynthesis experiment
URL: http://www.saps.org.uk/secondary/teaching-resources/284-investigating-the-behaviour-of-leaf-discs-
Teacher's Description: An excellent, visual and reliable experimental procedure for demonstrating the production of gas from photosynthesis. Can be used to investigate the effect of limiting factors.

17 - Parts of a plant and their functions - booklet.
URL: http://www.saps.org.uk/primary/teaching-resources/307-parts-of-a-plant-and-their-functions
Teacher's Description: Clear and well illustrated booklet. It is packed with activities (including flash cards, loop cards, plant part dominoes, snap, memory game of matching pairs, happy families and more). An excellent teacher resource.

18 - How do plants and crops grow?
URL: http://www.ngfl-cymru.org.uk/vtc/factors_plant_growth/eng/Introduction/MainSessionPart1.htm
Teacher's Description: Students must name three things needed for plant growth.

19 - Photosynthesis Biotopic
URL: http://www.biotopics.co.uk/plants/photsy.html
Teacher's Description: Interactive information page on photosynthesis, though it lacks much interactivity for most students. Becomes too complex towards the end and only the first half is useful at this level.

20 - Where does the air go when you breathe?
URL: http://kids.niehs.nih.gov/air.htm
Teacher's Description: Students connect the numbered dots to trace the flow of air into and out of the lungs.

21 - How the body works: movies
URL: http://kidshealth.org/kid/closet/movies/how_the_body_works_interim.html
Teacher's Description: A collection of 10 flash movies with music and narration that introduce the major systems of the human body. Lively, well animated, but with strong accents and pronunciation in places.
22 - Lungs
URL: http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/health-and-human-body/human-body/lungs-article.html
Teacher's Description:Lung anatomy and an interactive feature on asthma. Associated text is rather dense for primary pupils.Back to top